Question of the Day for Tuesday, January 1, 2013
Dogma vs. Doctrine?
Q. Could you tell me exactly what the difference is between a dogma and a doctrine? Which is infallible, and do we need to accept both? Thanks for making this clearer.
A.D., New York, N.Y.
A. Here’s a reply from TCA columnist Father Ray Ryland, Ph.D., J.D
You must keep in mind the distinction between the Church’s “extraordinary” magisterium and her “ordinary” magisterium. A dogma is a teaching solemnly defined by the pope in the exercise of the “extraordinary” magisterium. Vatican II taught that our Lord Jesus Christ endowed His Church with infallibility “in defining doctrine pertaining to faith and morals.” The pope “enjoys this infallibility in virtue of his office, when, as supreme pastor and teacher of all the faithful … he proclaims in an absolute decision a doctrine pertaining to faith and morals.”
Read the rest of the answer at Our Sunday Visitor: http://www.osv.com/TCANav/TCAQuestionoftheDay/Dec312012Jan42013/tabid/8678/Default.aspx